Ph.D. 2001, Rutgers University, Biology
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Biology,
Case Western Reserve University
Adjunct Assistant Professor of Biological Scieneces,
Kent State University
My primary research interest as an ecologist has been the interaction between plants and soil microorganisms; especially mutualistic and associative soil organisms that live in the root zone of plants. Of special interest are mycorrhizal fungi that form mutually beneficial relationships with plant roots. Mycorrhizal fungi can enhance plant growth, disease resistance, drought tolerance, and affect plant community composition. These fungi can also influence other soil microbes that affect soil fertility through the cycling of nitrogen and phosphorous in natural systems. Consequently, mycorrhizal fungi may be key organisms in many communities, and a better understanding of how they interact with plants and other soil microbes is necessary for the future sound management of natural ecosystems. Our laboratory has two interrelated goals: 1) to describe the diversity of fungi in natural systems and to understand the environmental factors affecting this diversity 2) to understand the functional consequences of mycorrhizal diversity for plant growth, plant community structure, and ecosystem processes. Our laboratory uses modern, DNA-based techniques for describing soil micro-organisms including mycorrhizal fungi.
Some Current Projects
- Ectomycorrhizal diversity in mature beech-maple forests: effects of seasonality, soil environmental conditions and root growth (more)
- Soil acidification and the diversity and function of mycorrhizal communities in forests (more)
- Fungi in winter: fungal ecology and snow cover (more)
- The effects of the invasive plant garlic mustard on mycorrhizal fungi and soil microbial communities
- Microbial ecology of vernal pools
Burns JH, Brandt AJ, Murphy JE, Kaczowka AM, and Burke DJ (2017) Soil drivers of coexistence in Rumex congeners: spatial heterogeneity of plant-soil feedbacks increases invader fecundity. Oecologia 183, 1077–1086.
Carrino-Kyker SR, Coyle KP, Kluber LA, and Burke DJ (2016) Detection of phosphate transporter genes from arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in acidic forest soils. Symbiosis. DOI 10.1007/s13199-016-0448-1.
Burke DJ, Knisely C, Watson ML, Carrino-Kyker SR, and Mauk RL (2016) The effects of agricultural history on forest ecological integrity as determined by a rapid forest assessment method. Forest Ecology and Management 378: 1–13.
Stoler AB, Burke DJ, and Relyea RA (2016) Litter chemistry and chemical diversity drive ecosystem processes in forest ponds. Ecology 97: 1783–1795.
Carrino-Kyker SR, Kluber LA, Petersen SM, Coyle KP, Hewins CR, DeForest JL, Smemo KA, and Burke DJ (2016) Effects of soil pH and P availability on root associated fungal communities in a temperate hardwood forest. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 92: DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/femsec/fiw024.
Krynak KL, Burke DJ, and Benard MF (2016) Landscape and water characteristics correlate with immune defense traits across Blanchard’s cricket frog (Acris blanchardi) populations. Biological Conservation 193: 153–167.
Burke DJ, Pietrasiak N, Situ SF, Abenojar EC, Porche M, Kraj P, Lakliang Y, and Samia ACS (2015) Iron oxide and titanium oxide nanoparticle effects on plant performance and root associated microbes. International Journal of Molecular Science 16: 23630-23650; doi:10.3390/ijms161023630.
Krynak KL, Burke DJ, and Benard MF (2015) Larval environment alters amphibian immune defenses differentially across life stages and populations. PLoS ONE 10(6): e0130383.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0130383.
Burke DJ (2015) Effects of annual and inter-annual environmental variability on soil fungi associated with an old-growth, temperate hardwood forest. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 91 (6): doi: 10.1093/femsec/fiv053.
Burns JH, Anacker BL, Strauss SY, Burke DJ (2015) Soil microbial community variation correlates most strongly with plant species identity, followed by soil chemistry, spatial location and plant genus. AoB PLANTS 7: plv030; doi:10.1093/aobpla/plv030. *Honored as Editor’s Choice.